Brazil officially the Federative Republic of Brazil is the biggest country in both South America and Latin America. It is the major country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas. Its Amazon River basin contains a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems. Its extensive natural resources comprising a lot of protected habitats. This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries.
Tourism in Brazil
Tourism is a growing sector and key factor of the economy of various regions of the country. The country had 5 million visitors in 2010, ranking in terms of international tourist arrivals as the second destination in South America, and third in Latin America after Mexico and Argentina.
Natural areas are its most well-known tourist interest. Its a collaboration of ecotourism with leisure and recreation, mainly sun and beach, and adventure travel, as well as cultural tourism. Among the most well-known spots are the Amazon Rainforest, beaches and dunes in the Northeast Region. The Pantanal in the Center-West Region. Beaches at Rio de Janeiro and Santa Catarina. Cultural tourism in Minas Gerais and business trips to São Paulo city.
In 2005, Rio de Janeiro, Foz do Iguaçu, São Paulo, Florianópolis and Salvador are the most visited cities by international tourists for leisure tours. The most popular destinations for business trips were São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Porto Alegre. In 2006 Rio de Janeiro and Fortaleza were the most popular destinations for business trips.
Transportation in Brazil
Brazilian roads are the major carriers of freight and passenger traffic. The road system totaled 1.98 million km in 2002. The total of paved roads increased from 35,496 km in 1967 to 184,140 km in 2002.
Brazilian railway system has been declining since 1945, when focus shifted to road development. The São Paulo Metro was the first underground transit system in Brazil. The other metro systems are in Rio de Janeiro, Porto Alegre, Recife, Belo Horizonte, Brasília, Teresina and Fortaleza.
There are about 2,500 airports in Brazil. It includes landing fields: the second largest number in the world, after the United States. São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport, near São Paulo. It is the biggest and most busy airport with nearly 20 million travelers yearly.
Culture in Brazil
The main culture of Brazil is taken from Portuguese culture because of its powerful colonial ties with the Portuguese kingdom. Among other influences, the Portuguese introduced the Portuguese language, Roman Catholicism and colonial architectural styles. The culture was, however, also strongly influenced by African, indigenous and non-Portuguese European cultures and traditions.
Some factors of Brazilian culture were inspired by the efforts of Italian, German and other European as well Japanese, Jewish and Arab immigrants who arrived in large numbers in the South and Southeast of Brazil. The indigenous Amerindians influenced Brazil’s language and cuisine; and the Africans influenced language, cuisine, music, dance and religion. Brazil carnival held every year to represent Brazilian Culture.
Cuisine in Brazil
Brazilian cuisine differs significantly by region, displaying the country’s diverse mix of indigenous and immigrant populations. This has created a national cuisine marked by the preservation of regional differences. Examples are Feijoada, considered the country’s national dish and regional foods such as vatapá, moqueca, polenta and acarajé. The national drink is coffee and cachaça is Brazil’s native liquor.
National Holidays in Brazil
|1 January||Confraternização Mundial||New Year’s Day||Beginning of the calendar year|
|21 April||Tiradentes||Tiradentes||In honor of the martyr of the Minas Conspiracy|
|1 May||Dia do Trabalhador||Labor Day||Tribute to all workers|
|7 September||Independência||Independence of Brazil||Proclamation of Independence against Portugal|
|12 October||Nossa Senhora Aparecida||Our Lady of Aparecida||Patroness of Brazil|
|2 November||Finados||All Souls’ Day||Day of remembrance for the dead|
|15 November||Proclamação da República||Proclamation of the Republic||Transformation Empire in Republic|
|25 December||Natal||Christmas||Traditional Christmas celebration|
Categories: Travel Destinations