Hong Kong formally the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China. It is an independent territory on the Pearl River Delta of East Asia. Macau lies around the delta to the west. The Chinese region of Guangdong borders the territory to the north.
Under the concept of “one country, two systems”, Hong Kong preserves a separate political and economic system from China. Apart from this military defence and foreign affairs, Hong Kong maintains its independent executive, legislative and judiciary powers. In inclusion, Hong Kong develops relations directly with foreign states and international organisations in a broad range of “appropriate fields”
Hong Kong is famous for its strong natural harbour, which enables ready access by international cargo ships, and its impressive skyline, with a very high thickness of skyscrapers. The territory boasts the second largest number of high rises of any city in the world.
Tourism in Hong Kong
Hong Kong was the eleventh most popular destination for international tourists among countries and territories worldwide. It also the most popular city for tourists, nearly two times of its nearest competitor Macau.
It is the eighth most expensive city for retirees. Hong Kong is ranked fourth in terms of the highest percentage of millionaire households, behind Switzerland, Qatar, and Singapore. This country also ranked second in the world by the most billionaires per capita behind Monaco. It is also ranked No. 1 in the world in the Crony Capitalism Index by the Economist.
Transportation in Hong Kong
Rail Transport in Hong Kong
Hong Kong has an extensive train network, and Hong Kong Government has long established that its public transit system is “railway as its backbone”. Public transport trains are operated by the MTR Corporation Limited.
Mass Transit Railway
The system now includes 218.2 km of rail with 161 stations, including 93 railway stations and 68 light rail stops. The rail lines include the East Rail, Kwun Tong, Tsuen Wan, Island, Tung Chung, Tseung Kwan O, West Rail, Ma On Shan, South Island, the Airport Express and the Disneyland Resort lines. Nine of the lines provide general metro services, whereas the Airport Express provides a direct link from the Hong Kong International Airport into the city centre, while the Disneyland Resort Line exclusively takes passengers to and from Hong Kong Disneyland.
The rail system is 13 kilometers long, with a total track length of 30 km and it runs together with other vehicles on the street. Its operation relies on the 550V direct current (d.c.) from the overhead cables, on 3’6″ gauge (1067 mm) tracks. The trams provide service to only parts of Hong Kong Island: they run on a double track along the northern coast of Hong Kong Island from Kennedy Town to Shau Kei Wan, with a single clockwise-running track of about 3 kilometers around Happy Valley Racecourse.
Inter-city train services crossing the Hong Kong-China boundary are known as Intercity Through Trains. They are jointly operated by Hong Kong’s MTR Corporation and the Ministry of Railways of the People’s Republic of China.
There are currently three through train routes:
1. Between Hong Kong and Beijing (Beijing-Kowloon Through Train)
2. Between Hong Kong and Shanghai (Shanghai-Kowloon Through Train)
3. Between Hong Kong and Guangzhou (Guangzhou-Kowloon Through Train)
Bus services have a long history in Hong Kong.
The five franchised bus companies are:
1. Kowloon Motor Bus Company (1933) Limited
2. Citybus Limited
3. Long Win Bus Company Limited
4. New World First Bus Services Limited
5. New Lantao Bus Company (1973) Limited.
Public Light Buses
Public light buses run the length and breadth of Hong Kong, through areas which the standard bus lines can not or do not reach as frequently, quickly or directly. Minibuses carry a maximum of 16 passengers and no standees are allowed.
Cross Boundary Buses
A large number of buses leave various parts of Hong Kong to various cities in the Pearl River Delta, Shenzhen and Guangzhou.
1. Central to Tsim Sha Tsui
2. Wan Chai to Tsim Sha Tsui
3. Harbour Tour (Circular between Tsim Sha Tsui, Central, Wan Chai, and Hung Hom)
New World First Ferry:
1. Central to Cheung Chau and Mui Wo
2. Peng Chau, Mui Wo, Chi Ma Wan, and Cheung Chau
3. North Point to Hung Hom and Kowloon City
Hong Kong and Kowloon Ferry:
1. Lamma Island to Central
2. Central to Peng Chau
3. Peng Chau to Hei Ling Chau
Chuen Kee Ferry:
1. Lamma Island(Sok Kwu Wan and Mo Tat) to Aberdeen
1. North Point to Kwun Tong
2. Tuen Mun to Tai O (via: Tung Chung, Sha Lo Wan)
Coral Sea Ferry
1. Sai Wan Ho to Kwun Tong
2. Sai Wan Ho to Lei Yue Mun (Sam Ka Tsuen)
Tsui Wah Ferry:
1. Lamma Island (Yung Chue Wan) to Aberdeen (Via: Pak Kok Tsuen)
2. Po Toi to Stanley / Aberdeen
3. Communting routes for Tolo Harbour, Grass Island (known as:Tap Mun) and Long Harbour (known as: Tai Tan Hoi)
Air Transport in Hong Kong
1. Aeroplanes : Passenger and cargo jets are serving external routes to international and Mainland China destinations from Hong Kong International Airport. Cathay Pacific and Hong Kong Airlines are two of the many examples of airlines operating and based in Hong Kong.
2. Helicopters : Externally, frequent passenger flights to Macau are scheduled daily. There are also chartered services for the VIP and business community within Hong Kong.
Categories: Travel Destinations